[1] The Impact of Cell Phone Towers on House Prices in Residential Neighborhoods, by Sandy Bond, The Appraisal Journal, Summer 2005.

[2] Presentation by AT&T representatives at Pensacola Chamber of Commerce Luncheon, 5G: The Future of Technology In Business, Oct 30, 2019.

[3] Neighborhood Cell Towers & Antennas – Do They Impact a Property’s Desirability?, by National Institute for Science, Law & Public Policy, July 3, 2014, available at https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20140703005726/en/Survey-National-Institute-Science-Law-Public-Policy.

[4] F.S. 337.401(7)(b)6.b; Official: Palm Beach exempt from 5G wireless law, by William Kelly, Palm Beach Daily News, May 3, 2017, available at https://www.palmbeachdailynews.com/news/20170503/official-palm-beach-exempt-from-5g-wireless-law.


[5] A Pushback Against Cell Towers, by Marcelle Fischler, NY Times, Aug 27, 2010, available at https://www.nytimes.com/2010/08/29/realestate/29Lizo.html.

[6] A volunteer firefighter was killed after an explosion in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin in July 2018. Verizon subcontracted to Bear Communications, who obtained the permit … and then Bear subcontracted to VC Tech. After the explosion, the spokesperson for the mid-subcontractor was “unable” to provide any information about where the subcontractor performing the work was based or company ownership. An investigation revealed subcontractor Bear transferred the work from one subcontractor (Jet Underground) to another (VC Tech), perhaps leveraging one against the other to reduce labor costs. City of Sun Prairie releases construction permits for downtown area near explosion, by Jessica Arp, July 17, 2018, Channel 3000, available at https://www.channel3000.com/news/city-of-sun-prairie-releases-construction-permits-for-downtown-area-near-explosion/769418541; OSHA cites 2 contractors in Sun Prairie Explosion, by Bridgit Bowden, WPR, Jan. 10, 2019, available at https://www.wpr.org/osha-cites-2-contractors-sun-prairie-explosion; City of Sun Prairie releases construction permits for downtown area near explosion, by Jessica Arp, July 17, 2018, Channel 3000, available at https://www.channel3000.com/news/city-of-sun-prairie-releases-construction-permits-for-downtown-area-near-explosion/769418541; OSHA cites 2 contractors in Sun Prairie Explosion, by Bridgit Bowden, WPR, Jan. 10, 2019, available at https://www.wpr.org/osha-cites-2-contractors-sun-prairie-explosion.

An explosion nearly leveled a city block and caused a 3-alarm fire in San Francisco in February 2019. A Verizon subcontractor-of-a-subcontractor hit a gas line and caused a huge explosion. A three-alarm blaze with over 50 foot flames burned for hours. Verizon subcontracted Florida-based MasTec (“infrastructure that delivers”) to perform work in San Francisco. MasTec, in turn, subcontracted the work to New Jersey-based Advanced Fiber Works; and Advanced Fiber Works, in turn, subcontracted the work to Kilford Engineering who ultimately caused the gas line rupture and subsequent explosion resulting in 5 buildings destroyed. One hundred people were displaced and 2,500 customers were left without power. California OSHA found 3 previous violations by MasTec, and an investigation revealed Advanced Fiber Works did not have a license for the work in California and there was no record that it applied for one. Contractor identified in massive, fiery San Francisco gas rupture, KTVU, Feb. 7, 2019, available at http://www.ktvu.com/news/contractor-identified-in-massive-fiery-san-francisco-gas-rupture; Contractor Tied to San Francisco Pipeline Explosion Didn’t Have a License, by Ted Goldberg, KQED, Feb. 15, 2019, available at https://www.kqed.org/news/11725622/contractor-tied-to-san-francisco-pipeline-explosion-didnt-have-a-license; National Transportation Board Preliminary Report, PLD19MR001, Feb. 27, 2019, available at https://www.ntsb.gov/investigations/Pages/PLD19MR001.aspx; SF residents sue contractors, Verizon over Inner Richmond gas line explosion, 3-alarm fire, Bay City News, Feb. 21, 2019, available at https://www.sfexaminer.com/news/sf-residents-sue-contractors-verizon-over-inner-richmond-gas-line-explosion-3-alarm-fire/

An explosion killed two and seriously injured twenty-five in Durham, North Carolina in April 2019. Gas explosion rocks Durham, North Carolina, killing one, by Gabe Gutierrez, NBC Nightly News, Apr. 10, 2019, available at https://www.nbcnews.com/nightly-news/video/gas-explosion-rocks-durham-north-carolina-killing-one-1487096899882; Incident No. 19-1909574 Investigative Report, by Brian Graves, Durham Fire Department, Aug. 2, 2019, available at https://drive.google.com/file/d/1jevz_hoYGW1qR0gsEkeYddP2wW1CY1SR/view; Deadly Duke Street explosion in Durham ruled an accident, report says, by Lauren Ohnesorge, Triangle Business Journal, Aug. 9, 2019, available at https://www.bizjournals.com/triangle/news/2019/08/09/durham-fire-department-releases-details-of.html; State Fines Utility, Subcontractors in Gas Explosion, AP, U.S. News & World Report, Oct. 17, 2019, available at https://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/north-carolina/articles/2019-10-17/state-fines-utility-subcontractors-in-deadly-gas-explosion

Cell Tower Deaths, a special joint investigation by Frontline and ProPublica, May 22, 2012, available at https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/film/cell-tower-deaths/.

[7] National Toxicology Program Report Fact Sheet: Toxicology and carcinogenesis studies in Hsd:Sprague-Dawley SD rates exposed to whole-body radio frequency radiation at a frequency (900 MHz) and modulations (GSM and CDMA) used by cell phones, Nov. 2018 (“NTP Report”), available at https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/results/areas/cellphones/.

[8] Report on final results regarding brain and heart tumors in Sprague-Dawley rats exposed from prenatal life until natural death to mobile phone radiofrequency field representative of a 1.8 GHz GSM base state environmental emission, by L. Falcioni, et al., J.Env.Res., Jan. 23, 2018 (“Ramazzini Institute Report”), available at https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29530389/. The Ramazzini Institute Report used significantly lower RF power levels and still showed consistent findings, concluding this “could have great impact for public health.”

[9] Comments on the US National Toxicology Program technical reports on toxicology and carcinogenesis study in rats exposed to whole-body radiofrequency radition at 900 MHz and in mice exposed to whole-body radiofrequency radiation at 1,900 MHz, by Lennart Hardell and Michael Carlberg, J.Int.Oncology, Jan. 2019, available at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6254861/.

[10] Adverse health effects of 5G mobile networking technology under real-life conditions, Toxicology Letters Journal, Vol. 323, May 1, 2020, pp 35-40, available at


[11] Captured Agency: How the Federal Communications Commission Is Dominated by the Industries It Presumably Regulates, by Norm Alster, Harvard Center for Ethics, Feb. 27, 2015, available at http://ethics.harvard.edu/files/center-for-ethics/files/capturedagency_alster.pdf.

[12] Id., at pp. 10-12.

[13] There’s a clear cell phone-cancer link, but FDA is downplaying it, by Ronald Melnick, The Hill, Nov 13, 2018, available at https://thehill.com/opinion/healthcare/416515-theres-a-clear-cell-phone-cancer-link-but-fda-is-downplaying-it.

[14] New emerging risk insights, Swiss Re Institute, May 2019, pp 28-39, available at https://www.swissre.com/dam/jcr:5916802c-cf6b-4c67-9d42-39cf80c4b00d/sonar-publication-2019.pdf.

[15] Limiting liability with positioning to minimize negative health effects of cellular phone towers, Joshua Pearce, Journal of Environ. Research, Vol. 181, Feb 2020, available at https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31791710/.

[16] Siting Towers Needs Careful Planning, by Allison Mills, Michigan Tech News, Dec 3, 2019, available at https://www.mtu.edu/news/stories/2019/november/siting-cell-towers-needs-careful-planning.html.

[17] City Council approves temporary 5G ban in Keene, by Sierra Hubbard, The Keene Sentinel, Mar 6, 2020, available at https://www.sentinelsource.com/news/local/city-council-approves-temporary-g-ban-in-keene/article_1341857d-4c7c-5fb4-ab27-70d8e5b9d131.html.

[18] Letter from Michael Marrs, Esq. on behalf of the Villages of Hinsdale, Clarendon Hills & Western Springs to Verizon, Mar 24, 2020, available at http://wsprings.com/303/Small-Cell-Wireless-5G. Western Springs implemented an excellent dashboard that is a model for open government and transparency providing the public important information and timely updates on developments.

[19] Screen New Deal, Under Cover of Mass Death, Andrew Cuomo Call in the Billionaires to Build a High-Tech Dystopia, by Naomi Klein, The Intercept, May 8, 2020, (quoting Eric Schmidt in A Real Digital Infrastructure at Last, The Wall Street Journal, March 27, 2020), available at https://theintercept.com/2020/05/08/andrew-cuomo-eric-schmidt-coronavirus-tech-shock-doctrine/.

[20] The Age of Surveillance Capitalism, The Fight for a Human Future at the New Frontier of Power, by Shoshana Zuboff, 2019.

[21] Verizon to pay $1.35 Million to Settle Zombie Cookie Privacy Charges, by Julia Angwin, ProPublica, Mar 7, 2016, available at https://www.propublica.org/article/verizon-to-pay-1.35-million-to-settle-zombie-cookie-privacy-charges (“[a Verizon] online advertising company was doing just what Verizon had promised wouldn’t happen. A company called Turn was using Verizon’s identifier to respawn tracking cookies that users had deleted. ProPublic dubbed the unkillable identifier a ‘zombie cookie’.”)

[22] Google affiliate Sidewalk Labs abruptly abandons Toronto smart city project, by Leyland Cecco, The Guardian, May 7, 2020, available at https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/may/07/google-sidewalk-labs-toronto-smart-city-abandoned. “No matter what Google is offering, the value to Toronto cannot possibly approach the value your city is giving up. It is a dystopian vision that has no place in a democratic society,” said BlackBerry co-found Jim Balsille.

[23] How to Build a Democratic Smart City, by Bianca Wylie, YouTube, Aug 13, 2018, available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4z0fVAsHFro. In this seven minute video, Wylie discusses what cities should do to ensure fairness and protect our deeper democratic values when tech companies come roll-in with promises of better urban living and economic development in a matter of a few short years.

[24] Fifth-Generation (5G) Telecommunications Technologies: Issues for Congress, by Jill Gallagher and Michael DeVine, Congressional Research Service Report R45485, Jan 30, 2019, pp 10-12, available at https://crsreports.congress.gov/product/pdf/R/R45485/5.

[25] Exposed: China’s Operating Manuals for Mass Internment and Arrest by Algorithm. This and other documents obtained by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) are available at Project “China Cables” at ICIJ is at https://www.icij.org/investigations/china-cables/.

[26] China Undercover by Frontline, Apr 7, 2020, t 35:00 – 40:00, available at https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/film/china-undercover/?fbclid=IwAR1YcSN8m9tZ0B-9w3wUUce1rcgYQQM4hMO0io3R7h1dBOkSjwNYQRvFVMQ.

https://ehtrust.org/5g-coming-to-your-front-yard-did-you-know/ Source: Environmental Health Trust