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Dear Jamestown Planning Commission 

Please see the following resources per my presentation:

  • Videos of opposition to 5G and “small” cell antennas in Montgomery County
  • Amicus Briefs
  • Investigative Reports
  • A sampling of the peer reviewed published research 

To see what other cities are doing please see this link 

Video to the Montgomery County Meeting  October 26,2016 at Ridgeview School in Gaithersburg. Watch the full video.

Links to youtube playlists  of other Montgomery County Council video meetings 2019 and 2018. 

Reports and Amicus Briefs 

Investigative Reports

Key Studies to Review

Bandara, P., & Carpenter, D. (2018). Planetary electromagnetic pollution: it is time to assess its impact. The Lancet Planetary Health, 2(12), e512-e514. https://doi.org/10.1016/s2542-5196(18)30221-3

  1. M. El-Hajj and T. Naous, “Radiation Analysis in a Gradual 5G Network Deployment Strategy,” 2020 IEEE 3rd 5G World Forum (5GWF), Bangalore, India, 2020, pp. 448-453, doi: 10.1109/5GWF49715.2020.9221314.

Belpomme, D., Hardell, L., Belyaev, I., Burgio, E., & Carpenter, D. (2018). Thermal and non-thermal health effects of low intensity non-ionizing radiation: An international perspective. Environmental Pollution, 242, 643-658. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2018.07.019

Hardell, Lennart. “World Health Organization, radiofrequency radiation and health – a hard nut to crack (Review).” International Journal of Oncology, vol. 51, no. 2, 2017, pp. 405-13. 

Kostoff, R., Heroux, P., Aschner, M., & Tsatsakis, A. (2020). Adverse health effects of 5G mobile networking technology under real-life conditions. Toxicology Letters, 323, 35-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2020.01.020

Melnick, Ronald Regarding ICNIRP’S Evaluation of the National Toxicology Program’s Carcinogenicity Studies on Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields, Health Physics: June 2020 – Volume 118 – Issue 6 – p 678-682 doi: 10.1097/HP.0000000000001268

S Sivani,  D Sudarsanam, Impacts of radio-frequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) from cell phone towers and wireless devices on biosystem and ecosystem ? A review, Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 202–216, 2012

Anthony B. Miller, L. Lloyd Morgan, Iris Udasin, Devra Lee Davis, (2018). Cancer epidemiology update, following the 2011 IARC evaluation of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (Monograph 102), Environmental Research, Volume 167, Pages 673-683, ISSN 0013-9351, doi:10.1016/j.envres.2018.06.043.

Waldmann-Selsam, C., et al. “Radiofrequency radiation injures trees around mobile phone base stations.” Science of the Total Environment 572 (2016): 554-69.

Singh, R., Nath, R., Mathur, A. K., & Sharma, R. S. (2018). Effect of radiofrequency radiation on reproductive health. The Indian Journal of Medical Research, 148, 92–99. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1056_18

Levitt, B., & Lai, H. (2010). Biological effects from exposure to electromagnetic radiation emitted by cell tower base stations and other antenna arrays. Environmental Reviews, 18, 369-395. https://doi.org/10.1139/a10-018

Haggerty, Katie. “Adverse Influence of Radio Frequency Background on Trembling Aspen Seedlings.” International Journal of Forestry Research2010.836278 (2010).

Halgamuge, M.N. “Weak radiofrequency radiation exposure from mobile phone radiation on plants.” Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, vol. 36, no. 2, 2017, pp. 213-235.

Frank JW, Electromagnetic fields, 5G and health: what about the precautionary principle? J Epidemiol Community Health Published Online First: 19 January 2021. doi: 10.1136/jech-2019-213595

Igor Yakymenko, Olexandr Tsybulin, Evgeniy Sidorik, Diane Henshel, Olga Kyrylenko & Sergiy Kyrylenko (2016). Oxidative mechanisms of biological activity of low-intensity radiofrequency radiation, Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, 35:2, 186-202, DOI: 10.3109/15368378.2015.1043557

 

Lei Yang, Chen Zhang, Zhiye Chen, Congsheng Li, Tongning Wu. Functional and network analyses of human exposure to long-term evolution signal. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2020 Sep 25. doi: 10.1007/s11356-020-10728-w.

Jisu Choi, Kyeongrae Min, Sangbong Jeon, Nam Kim, Jeong-Ki Pack, Kiwon Song. Continuous Exposure to 1.7 GHz LTE Electromagnetic Fields Increases Intracellular Reactive Oxygen Species to Decrease Human Cell Proliferation and Induce Senescence. Sci Rep. 2020 Jun 8;10(1):9238. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-65732-4. 

Additional Reading 

  1. Kim and I. Nasim, “Human Electromagnetic Field Exposure in 5G at 28 GHz,” in IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 41-48, 1 Nov. 2020, doi: 10.1109/MCE.2019.2956223.

Dimitris J. Panagopoulos, Olle Johansson, and George L. Carlo, (2015). Real versus Simulated Mobile Phone Exposures in Experimental Studies, BioMed Research International, vol. 2015, Article ID 607053, 8 pages, 2015. doi:10.1155/2015/607053.

Di Ciaula, A. (2018). Towards 5G communication systems: Are there health implications?. International Journal Of Hygiene And Environmental Health, 221(3), 367-375. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2018.01.011

  1. Fernández, A.A. de Salles, M.E. Sears, R.D. Morris, D.L. Davis, (2018). Absorption of wireless radiation in the child versus adult brain and eye from cell phone conversation or virtual reality, Environmental Research, Volume 167, Pages 694-699, ISSN 0013-9351, doi:0.1016/j.envres.2018.05.013.

 

Neufeld, E., & Kuster, N. (2018). Systematic Derivation of Safety Limits for Time-Varying 5G Radiofrequency Exposure Based on Analytical Models and Thermal Dose. Health Physics, 115(6), 705-711. https://doi.org/10.1097/hp.0000000000000930

Betzalel, N., Ben Ishai, P., & Feldman, Y. (2018). The human skin as a sub-THz receiver – Does 5G pose a danger to it or not?. Environmental Research, 163, 208-216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.01.032

Betzalel, N., Feldman, Y., & Ishai, P. (2017). The Modeling of the Absorbance of Sub-THz Radiation by Human Skin. IEEE Transactions On Terahertz Science And Technology, 7(5), 521-528. https://doi.org/10.1109/tthz.2017.2736345

Thielens, A., Bell, D., Mortimore, D., Greco, M., Martens, L., & Joseph, W. (2018). Exposure of Insects to Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields from 2 to 120 GHz. Scientific Reports, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-22271-3

Markovà, E., Malmgren, L., & Belyaev, I. (2010). Microwaves from Mobile Phones Inhibit 53BP1 Focus Formation in Human Stem Cells More Strongly Than in Differentiated Cells: Possible Mechanistic Link to Cancer Risk. Environmental Health Perspectives, 118(3), 394-399. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0900781

 Bandara, P., & Carpenter, D. (2018). Planetary electromagnetic pollution: it is time to assess its impact. The Lancet Planetary Health, 2(12), e512-e514. https://doi.org/10.1016/s2542-5196(18)30221-3

Belpomme, D., Hardell, L., Belyaev, I., Burgio, E., & Carpenter, D. (2018). Thermal and non-thermal health effects of low intensity non-ionizing radiation: An international perspective. Environmental Pollution, 242, 643-658. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2018.07.019

Hardell, Lennart. “World Health Organization, radiofrequency radiation and health – a hard nut to crack (Review).” International Journal of Oncology, vol. 51, no. 2, 2017, pp. 405-13. 

Hardell, L., Carlberg, M.”[Comment] Health risks from radiofrequency radiation, including 5G, should be assessed by experts with no conflicts of interest”. Oncology Letters 20.4 (2020): 15. Download PDF

Hardell L, Nyberg R. Appeals that matter or not on a moratorium on the deployment of the fifth generation, 5G, for microwave radiation. Mol Clin Oncol. 2020 Mar;12(3):247-257. doi: 10.3892/mco.2020.1984. Epub 2020 Jan 22. PMID: 32064102; PMCID: PMC7016513.

Shih YW, O’Brien AP, Hung CS, Chen KH, Hou WH, Tsai HT. Exposure to radiofrequency radiation increases the risk of breast cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Exp Ther Med. 2021;21(1):23. doi:10.3892/etm.2020.9455

Haggerty, Katie. “Adverse Influence of Radio Frequency Background on Trembling Aspen Seedlings.” International Journal of Forestry Research2010.836278 (2010).

Halgamuge, M.N. “Weak radiofrequency radiation exposure from mobile phone radiation on plants.” Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, vol. 36, no. 2, 2017, pp. 213-235.

Halgamuge MN, Skafidas E, Davis D. A meta-analysis of in vitro exposures to weak radiofrequency radiation exposure from mobile phones (1990–2015). Environ Res. 2020;184:109227. doi:10.1016/J.ENVRES.2020.109227

Halgamuge MN, Davis D. Lessons learned from the application of machine learning to studies on plant response to radio-frequency. Environ Res. 2019. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2019.108634

Gustavino, B., et al. “Exposure to 915 MHz radiation induces micronuclei in Vicia faba root tips.” Mutagenesis 31.2 (2016): 187-92.

Shepherd et al., Increased aggression and reduced aversive learning in honey bees exposed to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields. PLoS One. 2019 Oct 10

Balmori, Alfonso. “Anthropogenic radiofrequency electromagnetic fields as an emerging threat to wildlife orientation.” Science of The Total Environment 518–519 (2015): 58–60.

Balmori, A. “Electrosmog and species conservation.” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 496, 2014, pp. 314-6.

Cucurachi, C., et al. “A review of the ecological effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF).” Environment International, vol. 51, 2013, pp. 116–40.

Kumar, Neelima R., Sonika Sangwan, and Pooja Badotra. “Exposure to cell phone radiations produces biochemical changes in worker honey bees.” Toxicol Int., 18, no. 1, 2011, pp. 70–2.

Favre, Daniel. “Mobile phone induced honeybee worker piping.” Apidologie, vol. 42, 2011, pp. 270-9.

Engels, S. et al. “Anthropogenic electromagnetic noise disrupts magnetic compass orientation in a migratory bird.” Nature, vol. 509, 2014, pp. 353–6.

Balmori A. “Possible Effects of Electromagnetic Fields from Phone Masts on a Population of White Stork (Ciconia ciconia).” Electromagn Biol Med, vol. 24, no. 2, 2005, pp. 109-19.

Balmori, A. “Mobile phone mast effects on common frog (Rana temporaria) tadpoles.” Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, vol. 29, no. 1-2, 2010, pp. 31-5.

Kelley, Elizabeth & Blank, Martin & Lai, Henry & Moskowitz, Joel & Havas, Magda. (2015). International Appeal: Scientists call for protection from non-ionizing electromagnetic field exposure. European Journal of Oncology, Volume 20, pp. 180-182. 

Bandara P, McCredden J, May M, Weller S, Maisch D, Kelly R, Chandler T, Pockett S, Leach V and Wojcik D. Serious Safety Concerns about 5G Wireless Deployment in Australia and New Zealand. Radiation Protection In Australasia 2020; 37(1):47-54.

  1. P. Gandhi, (2019). Microwave Emissions From Cell Phones Exceed Safety Limits in Europe and the US When Touching the Body, in IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 47050-47052, 2019. doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2906017

Panagopoulos DJ, Johansson O, Carlo GL Evaluation of specific absorption rate as a dosimetric quantity for electromagnetic fields bioeffects..PLoS One. 2013 Jun 4;8(6):e62663. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0062663. Print 2013. Erratum in: PLoS One. 2013;8(11). doi:10.1371/annotation/58c704d9-7cc4-4e4b-873b-214e6e2655ba.

Anthony B. Miller, L. Lloyd Morgan, Iris Udasin, Devra Lee Davis, (2018). Cancer epidemiology update, following the 2011 IARC evaluation of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (Monograph 102), Environmental Research, Volume 167, Pages 673-683, ISSN 0013-9351, doi:10.1016/j.envres.2018.06.043.

Jessica A. Adams, Tamara S. Galloway, Debapriya Mondal, Sandro C. Esteves, Fiona Mathews, (2014). Effect of mobile telephones on sperm quality: A systematic review and meta-analysis,  

Panagopoulos, Dimitris J., Olle Johansson, and George L. Carlo. (2015). Polarization: A Key Difference between Man-Made and Natural Electromagnetic Fields, in Regard to Biological Activity. Scientific Reports 5: 14914.

Dimitris J. Panagopoulos, Olle Johansson, and George L. Carlo, (2015). Real versus Simulated Mobile Phone Exposures in Experimental Studies, BioMed Research International, vol. 2015, Article ID 607053, 8 pages, 2015. doi:10.1155/2015/607053.

Dominique Belpomme, Lennart Hardell, Igor Belyaev, Ernesto Burgio, David O. Carpenter, (2018). Thermal and non-thermal health effects of low intensity non-ionizing radiation: An international perspective, Environmental Pollution, Volume 242, Part A, Pages 643-658, ISSN 0269-7491, doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2018.07.019.

Cindy L. Russell, (2018). 5 G wireless telecommunications expansion: Public health and environmental implications, Environmental Research, Volume 165, 2018, Pages 484-495,

ISSN 0013-9351, doi:10.1016/j.envres.2018.01.016.

Adem Kocaman, Gamze Altun, Arife Ahsen Kaplan, Ömür Gülsüm Deniz, Kıymet Kübra Yurt, Süleyman Kaplan, (2018) Genotoxic and carcinogenic effects of non-ionizing electromagnetic fields, Environmental Research, Volume 163, Pages 71-79, ISSN 0013-9351, doi:10.1016/j.envres.2018.01.034.

Miller Anthony B., Sears Margaret E., Morgan L. Lloyd, Davis Devra L., Hardell Lennart, Oremus Mark, Soskolne Colin L. (2019). Risks to Health and Well-Being From Radio-Frequency Radiation Emitted by Cell Phones and Other Wireless Devices, Frontiers in Public Health, 7, Pages 223, ISSN 2296-2565, doi10.3389/fpubh.2019.00223 

 

MORE INFO HERE  EPIDEMIOLOGICAL, CLINICAL, AND TOXICOLOGICAL EVIDENCE ON THE TOXIC EFFECTS OF RF-EMF ON SPERM AND REPRODUCTION

Pall M. L. (2013). Electromagnetic fields act via activation of voltage-gated calcium channels to produce beneficial or adverse effects. Journal of cellular and molecular medicine, 17(8), 958–965. doi:10.1111/jcmm.12088

 

Hardell, L., & Hardell, L. (2019). Comments on the US National Toxicology Program technical reports on toxicology and carcinogenesis study in rats exposed to whole-body radiofrequency radiation at 900 MHz and in mice exposed to whole-body radiofrequency radiation at 1,900 MHz. International Journal of Oncology, 54, 111-127. doi:10.3892/ijo.2018.4606

Michael Carlberg and Lennart Hardell, (2017). Evaluation of Mobile Phone and Cordless Phone Use and Glioma Risk Using the Bradford Hill Viewpoints from 1965 on Association or Causation, BioMed Research International, vol. 2017, Article ID 9218486, 17 pages. doi:10.1155/2017/9218486.

  1. Falcioni, L. Bua, E. Tibaldi, M. Lauriola, L. De Angelis, F. Gnudi, D. Mandrioli, M. Manservigi, F. Manservisi, I. Manzoli, I. Menghetti, R. Montella, S. Panzacchi, D. Sgargi, V. Strollo, A. Vornoli, F. Belpoggi, (2018). Report of final results regarding brain and heart tumors in Sprague-Dawley rats exposed from prenatal life until natural death to mobile phone radiofrequency field representative of a 1.8 GHz GSM base station environmental emission,

Environmental Research, Volume 165, 2018, Pages 496-503, ISSN 0013-9351, doi:10.1016/j.envres.2018.01.037.

Lennart Hardell, Michael Carlberg, (2015). Mobile phone and cordless phone use and the risk for glioma–Analysis of pooled case-control studies in Sweden, 1997–2003 and 2007–2009,

Pathophysiology, Volume 22, Issue 1, Pages 1-13, ISSN 0928-4680, doi:10.1016/j.pathophys.2014.10.001.

Carlberg, M., & Hardell, L. (2014). Decreased Survival of Glioma Patients with Astrocytoma Grade IV (Glioblastoma Multiforme) Associated with Long-Term Use of Mobile and Cordless Phones. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11(10), 10790–10805. doi:10.3390/ijerph111010790

Coureau, Gaëlle, Ghislaine Bouvier, Pierre Lebailly, Pascale Fabbro-Peray, Anne Gruber, Karen Leffondre, Jean-Sebastien Guillamo, et al. (2014). Mobile Phone Use and Brain Tumours in the CERENAT Case-Control Study. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 71, no. 7: 514. doi:10.1136/oemed-2013-101754.

IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. (2013). IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans. Non-Ionizing Radiation, Part 2: Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields. IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans/World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer vol. 102.

Alexander Lerchl, Melanie Klose, Karen Grote, Adalbert F.X. Wilhelm, Oliver Spathmann, Thomas Fiedler, Joachim Streckert, Volkert Hansen, Markus Clemens, (2015). Tumor promotion by exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields below exposure limits for humans,

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Volume 459, Issue 4, Pages 585-590,

ISSN 0006-291X, doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2015.02.151.

Cardis, E, B K Armstrong, J D Bowman, G G Giles, M Hours, D Krewski, M McBride, et al. (2011). Risk of Brain Tumours in Relation to Estimated RF Dose from Mobile Phones: Results from Five Interphone Countries.” Occupational and Environmental Medicine 68, no. 9: 631. doi:10.1136/oemed-2011-100155.

West JG, Kapoor NS, Liao S, Chen JW, Bailey L, Nagourney RA. (2013). Multifocal Breast Cancer in Young Women with Prolonged Contact between Their Breasts and Their Cellular Phones. Case Reports in Medicine. Volume 2013, Article ID 354682.

John G. West, Nimmi S. Kapoor, Shu-Yuan Liao, June W. Chen, Lisa Bailey, and Robert A. Nagourney, (2013). Multifocal Breast Cancer in Young Women with Prolonged Contact between Their Breasts and Their Cellular Phones, Case Reports in Medicine, vol. 2013, Article ID 354682, 5 pages. doi:10.1155/2013/354682.

Avendaño, Conrado, Ariela Mata, César A. Sanchez Sarmiento, and Gustavo F. Doncel. (2012). Use of Laptop Computers Connected to Internet through Wi-Fi Decreases Human Sperm Motility and Increases Sperm DNA Fragmentation. Fertility and Sterility 97, no. 1: 39-45.e2. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2011.10.012.

 

Foerster Milena, Thielens Arno, Joseph Wout, Eeftens Marloes, and Röösli Martin. (2018). A Prospective Cohort Study of Adolescents’ Memory Performance and Individual Brain Dose of Microwave Radiation from Wireless Communication. Environmental Health Perspectives 126, no. 7: 077007. doi:10.1289/EHP2427.

Aldad, Tamir S., Geliang Gan, Xiao-Bing Gao, and Hugh S. Taylor. (2012). Fetal Radiofrequency Radiation Exposure From 800-1900 Mhz-Rated Cellular Telephones Affects Neurodevelopment and Behavior in Mice. Scientific Reports 2: 312.

Volkowet al., . (2011). Effects of cell phone radiofrequency signal exposure on brain glucose metabolism. JAMA, 305(8), 808–813. doi:10.1001/jama.2011.186

 

Bas, O., Odaci, E., Mollaoglu, H., Ucok, K., & Kaplan, S. (2009). Chronic prenatal exposure to the 900 megahertz electromagnetic field induces pyramidal cell loss in the hippocampus of newborn rats. Toxicology and Industrial Health, 25(6), 377–384. doi:10.1177/0748233709106442

Jun Tang, Yuan Zhang, Liming Yang, Qianwei Chen, Liang Tan, Shilun Zuo, Hua Feng, Zhi Chen, Gang Zhu, (2015). Exposure to 900MHz electromagnetic fields activates the mkp-1/ERK pathway and causes blood-brain barrier damage and cognitive impairment in rats, Brain Research, Volume 1601, Pages 92-101, ISSN 0006-8993, doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2015.01.019.

  1. Lai, N.P. Singh, Acute low-intensity microwave exposure increases DNA single-strand breaks in rat brain cells, Bioelectromagnetics 16 (1995) 207–210.
  1. Lai, N.P. Singh, Single and double-strand DNA breaks in rat brain cells after acute exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radia- tion, Int. J. Radiat. Biol. 69 (1996) 513–521.

 

  1. Fernández, A.A. de Salles, M.E. Sears, R.D. Morris, D.L. Davis, (2018). Absorption of wireless radiation in the child versus adult brain and eye from cell phone conversation or virtual reality, Environmental Research, Volume 167, Pages 694-699, ISSN 0013-9351, doi:0.1016/j.envres.2018.05.013.

 

MORE INFO HERE  What is Specific Absorption Rate or SAR ratings for your phone?

Ronald N. Kostoff, Clifford G.Y. Lau, (2013). Combined biological and health effects of electromagnetic fields and other agents in the published literature, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 80, Issue 7, Pages 1331-1349, ISSN 0040-1625,

doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2012.12.006.

Byun YH, Ha M, Kwon HJ, Hong YC, Leem JH, et al., (2013). Mobile Phone Use, Blood Lead Levels, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Symptoms in Children: A Longitudinal Study. PLOS ONE 8(3): e59742. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0059742

Frank M. Clegg, Margaret Sears, Margaret Friesen, Theodora Scarato, Rob Metzinger, Cindy Lee Russell, Alex Stadtner, Anthony B. Miller, (2019). Building science and radiofrequency Radiation:What makes smart and healthy buildings, Building and Environment, 106324, ISSN 0360-1323, doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2019.106324.

Mary Redmayne, (2016). International policy and advisory response regarding children’s exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF), Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, 35:2, 176-185, DOI: 10.3109/15368378.2015.1038832

Christopher B, Sheena MY, Uddin Khandaker M, Bradley DA, Chew MT, Jojo PJ.  Effects of mobile phone radiation on certain hematological parameters. Radiation Physics and Chemistry. Published online September 14, 2019. 108443. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2019.108443.

Broom KA, Findlay R, Addison DS, Goiceanu C, Sienkiewicz Z. Early-life exposure to pulsed LTE radiofrequency fields causes persistent changes in activity and behavior in C57BL/6 J mice. Bioelectromagnetics. 2019 Sep 15. doi: 10.1002/bem.22217.

Oh JJ, Byun SS, Lee SE, Choe G, Hong SK. Effect of Electromagnetic Waves from Mobile Phones on Spermatogenesis in the Era of 4G-LTE. Biomed Res Int. 2018 Jan 29;2018:1801798.

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https://ehtrust.org/jamestown-planning-commission-scientific-citations-on-5g-health-and-environment/ Source: Environmental Health Trust