Selected FCC Submissions re: 

“Reassessment of Federal Communications Commission Radiofrequency 

Exposure Limits and Policies” (Proceeding Number 13-84)


Part II: Key Research Papers Submitted to the FCC


Last revision: August 12, 2019
The FCC received more than 1,200 submissions regarding its cell phone radiation regulations. These documents reveal what we know about wireless radiation health effects, and why we need to strengthen regulations and provide precautionary warnings to the public.
In response to the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) request for input regarding its radiofrequency radiation regulations adopted in 1996, individuals and organizations submitted thousands of documents, testimonials, research papers and scientific publications that are now available to the media and to the public. 
These documents reveal what we know about wireless radiation health effects, and why we need to strengthen regulations and provide precautionary warnings to the public.

Although fifteen countries have issued precautionary health warnings about cell phone radiation and recommendations on how to reduce risks, the wireless industry in the U.S. has opposed precautionary warnings and wants to weaken our radiation standards instead of strengthen them.

In all, more than 1,200 submissions were made to the FCC between June 24, 2012 and August 12, 2019. Many submissions include multiple documents. To access these papers go to the FCC’s web site for Proceeding Number 13-84.
Part II which appears below contains a list of key research papers and monographs submitted to the FCC and links to these documents which  enable people to download the papers.
(See Part I for key submissions to the FCC regarding cell phone radiation and its health effects, and cell phone testing procedures and regulatory standards, and Part III for a list of 98 scientific experts who have signed resolutions that call for stronger regulations on wireless radiation, especially cell phone radiation.)

 Published Research Papers


Adams JA, Galloway TS, Mondal D, Esteves SC, Mathews F. Effect of mobile telephones on sperm quality: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Environment Int. 2014. 70(2014): 106-112.  http://apps.fcc.gov/ecfs/document/view?id=60001040814



Aldad TS,
Gan G, Gao XB, Taylor HS. Fetal radiofrequency radiation exposure from 800-1900
mhz-rated cellular telephones affects neurodevelopment and behavior in mice. Sci
Rep. 2012;2:312. doi: 10.1038/srep00312.
http://apps.fcc.gov/ecfs/document/view?id=7022311532
Balmori A.
Electromagnetic pollution from phone masts. Effects on wildlife. Pathophysiology.
2009 Aug;16(2-3):191-9. doi: 10.1016/j.pathophys.2009.01.007.
Costa FP,
de Oliveira AC, Meirelles R, Machado MC, Zanesco T, Surjan R, Chammas MC, de
Souza Rocha M, Morgan D, Cantor A, Zimmerman J, Brezovich I, Kuster N, Barbault
A, Pasche B. Treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma with very low
levels of amplitude-modulated electromagnetic fields. Br J Cancer. 2011 Aug
23;105(5):640-8.doi:10.1038/bjc.2011.292.
Cucurachi
S, Tamis WL, Vijver MG, Peijnenburg WJ, Bolte JF, de Snoo GR. A review of the
ecological effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF). Environ
Int. 2013 Jan;51:116-40. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2012.10.009.
Davis DL,
Kesari S, Soskolne CL, Miller AB, Stein Y. Swedish review strengthens grounds
for concluding that radiation from cellular and cordless phones is a probable
human carcinogen. Pathophysiology. 2013 Apr;20(2):123-9. doi:
10.1016/j.pathophys.2013.03.001.
Fragopoulou
A, Grigoriev Y, Johansson O, Margaritis LH, Morgan L, Richter E, Sage C. Scientific
panel on electromagnetic field health risks: consensus points, recommendations,
and rationales. Rev Environ Health. 2010 Oct-Dec;25(4):307-17.
Gandhi,
OP, Kang G. Inaccuracies of a plastic pinna SAM for SAR testing of cellular
telephones against IEEE and ICNIRP safety guidelines. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques.
52(8):2004-2012. Aug 2004; DOI: 10.1109/TMTT.2004.832689.
Gandhi OP,
Morgan LL, de Salles AA, Han Y-Y, Herberman RB, Davis DL. Exposure limits: the
underestimation of absorbed cell phone radiation, especially in children.
Electromagn
Biol Med.
2012
Mar;31(1):34-51. doi: 10.3109/15368378.2011.622827.
Giuliani L, Soffritti M. (Eds.) Non-thermal Effects and Mechanisms of Interaction between Electromagnetic Fields and Living Matter. ICEMS Monograph. European J Oncology. Vol. 5. 2010.
Güler G,
Tomruk A, Ozgur E, Sahin D, Sepici A, Altan N, Seyhan N. The effect of
radiofrequency radiation on DNA and lipid damage in female and male infant
rabbits. Int J Radiat Biol. 2012 Apr;88(4):367-73. doi:
10.3109/09553002.2012.646349.
Haggerty
K. Adverse Influence of Radio Frequency Background on Trembling Aspen Seedlings:
Preliminary Observations.International Journal of Forestry Research, vol. 2010,
Article ID 836278, 7 pages, 2010. doi:10.1155/2010/836278.
http://apps.fcc.gov/ecfs/document/view?id=7520940764
Hagström M, Auranen J, Ekman R. Electromagnetic hypersensitive Finns: Symptoms, perceived sources and treatments, a questionnaire study. Pathophysiology. 2013 Apr;20(2):117-22. doi: 10.1016/j.pathophys.2013.02.001. http://apps.fcc.gov/ecfs/document/view?id=7520941823

Hardell L. World Health Organization, radiofrequency radiation and health – a hard nut to crack (Review). Int J Oncology. 51:405-413. 2017.

Herbert
MR, Sage C. Autism and EMF? Plausibility of a pathophysiological link – Part I.
Pathophysiology. 2013 Jun;20(3):191-209. doi: 10.1016/j.pathophys.2013.08.001.
Herbert
MR, Sage C. Autism and EMF? Plausibility of a pathophysiological link part II.
Pathophysiology. 2013 Jun;20(3):211-34. doi: 10.1016/j.pathophys.2013.08.002.
Houston et al. The effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation on sperm function. Reproduction. 2016.
https://ecfsapi.fcc.gov/file/1093016723166/RF%20Impact%20on%20Spermatozoa.pdf



Kane RC. A
possible association between fetal/neonatal exposure to radiofrequency
electromagnetic radiation and the increased incidence of autism spectrum
disorders (ASD).
Med
Hypotheses.

2004;62(2):195-7.
Kesari KK,
Kumar S, Behari J. Pathophysiology of microwave radiation: effect on rat brain.
Appl
Biochem Biotechnol. 2012 Jan;166(2):379-88. doi: 10.1007/s12010-011-9433-6.


Kundi M, Hunter H-P. Mobile phone base stations—Effects on wellbeing and health. Pathophysiology. 2009.
https://ecfsapi.fcc.gov/file/109303096909269/Kundi%20%26%20Hutter%2C%202009.pdf



Levis AG,
Gennaro V, Garbiso S. Business bias as usual: The case of electromagnetic
pollution.  In Elsner W, Frigato P,
Ramazzotti P eds: “Social Costs Today. Institutional Analyses of the Present
Crises”. Routledge (Taylor&Francis Group), London and New York 2012:
225-68.
Levis AG,
Minicuci N, Ricci P, Gennaro V, Garbisa S. Mobile phones and head tumours. The
discrepancies in cause-effect relationships in the epidemiological studies –
how do they arise? Environ Health. 2011 Jun 17;10:59. doi:
10.1186/1476-069X-10-59.
Levitt BB,
Lai H. Biological effects from exposure to electromagnetic radiation emitted by
cell tower base stations and other antenna arrays. Environ. Res. 18:369-395.
2010.



Miller et al. Cancer epidemiology update, following the 2011 IARC evaluation of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (Monograph 102). Envir Research. 2018. 

https://ecfsapi.fcc.gov/file/12103008105187/Miller%20et%20al%20(1).%20Cancer%20epidemiology%20update%20copy%202.pdf


Myung SK,
Ju W, McDonnell DD, Lee YJ, Kazinets G, Cheng CT, Moskowitz JM. Mobile phone
use and risk of tumors: a meta-analysis. J Clin Oncol. 2009 Nov
20;27(33):5565-72. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2008.21.6366.
Nittby H, Brun
A, Eberhardt J, Malmgren L, Persson BR, Salford LG.
Increased blood-brain barrier
permeability in mammalian brain 7 days after exposure to the radiation from a
GSM-900 mobile phone. Pathophysiology. 2009 Aug;16(2-3):103-12. doi:
10.1016/j.pathophys.2009.01.001.
Nittby H,
Grafström G, Eberhardt JL, Malmgren L, Brun A, Persson BR, Salford LG. Review. Radiofrequency
and extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field effects on the blood-brain
barrier. Electromagn Biol Med. 2008;27(2):103-26. doi:
10.1080/15368370802061995.
Odaci E,
Bas O, Kaplan S. Effects of prenatal exposure to a 900 MHz electromagnetic
field on the dentate gyrus of rats: a stereological and histopathological
study. Brain Res. 2008 Oct 31;1238:224-9. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2008.08.013.
http://apps.fcc.gov/ecfs/document/view?id=7022311527
Pall ML.
Electromagnetic fields act via activation of voltage-gated calcium channels to
produce beneficial or adverse effects. J Cell Mol Med. 2013 Aug;17(8):958-65.
doi: 10.1111/jcmm.12088.
Panagopoulos
DJ, Johansson O, Carlo GL. Evaluation of specific absorption rate as a
dosimetric quantity for electromagnetic fields bioeffects. PLoS
One
. 2013 Jun 4;8(6):e62663. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0062663. Print
2013. Erratum in: PLoS One.
Rea WJ,
Pan Y, Fenyves EJ, Sujisawa I, Suyama H, Samadi N, Ross GH. Electromagnetic
field sensitivity. Journal of Bioelectricity. 10(1&2):242-256. 1991.


Sivani S,
Sudarsanam D. Im
pacts of
radio-frequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) from
Yakymenko I, Tsybulin O, Sidorik E, Henshel, Kyrylenko O, Kyrylenko S, Oxidative mechanisms of biological activity of low-intensity radiofrequency radiation. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. Posted online on July 7, 2015. 
http://apps.fcc.gov/ecfs/document/view?id=60001122232

Zothansiama et al. Impact of radiofrequency radiation on DNA damage and antioxidants in peripheral blood lymphocytes of humans residing in the vicinity of mobile phone base stations. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. 2017. 

Monographs and Papers
Austrian
Medical Association. Guideline of the Austrian Medical Association for the
diagnosis and treatment of EMF-related health problems and illnesses (EMF syndrome):
Consensus paper of the Austrian Medical Association’s EMF Working Group.
Vienna, Austria. Mar 2012.
BioInitiative
Working Group. Sage C, Carpenter DO. (Eds). BioInitiative Report: A Rationale for  Biologically-based Exposure Standards for Low-Intensity
Electromagnetic Radiation. www.bioinitiative.org, December 31, 2012. (29
chapter authors)
Dart P.
Alterations in Hormone Physiology. Undated.
Dart P.
Cell Phones and Risk of Brain Tumor. Undated.
Dart P.
Consequences of Chronic Microwave RF Exposure. Undated.
Dart P.
Effects of Microwave RF Exposure on Fertility. Undated.
Dart P.
Microwave RF Interacts with Molecular Structures. Undated.
Dart P,
Cordes K, Elliott A, Knackstedt J, Morgan J, Wible P, Baker S. Biological and
health effects of microwave radiofrequency transmissions: A review of the
research literature. A report to Eugene Water and Electric Board. Jun 4, 2013.
Frey A.
Opinion: Cell Phone Health Risk? The Scientist. Sep 25, 2012.
Frey AH.
On the Safety of Cell Phone Radiation. British Medical Journal. Nov 7, 2011.
Glaser ZR.
Bibliography of Reported Biological Phenomena (‘Effects’) and Clinical
Manifestations Attributed to Microwave and Radio-Frequency Radiation: Research
Report No. 2 Revised. Naval Medical Research Institute. Oct 4, 1971. Second
printing w/ revisions. Apr 20, 1972. (Contains more than 2,000 references.)
http://apps.fcc.gov/ecfs/document/view?id=7022311479
Hardell L,
Carlberg M, Gee D. Chapter 21. Mobile phone use and brain tumour risk: early
warnings early actions?  In Emerging
issues: Late lessons from early warnings: Science, precaution, innovation.
European Environment Agency Report 1/2013. Jan 2013. Pp. 541-561. 
http://apps.fcc.gov/ecfs/document/view?id=7520941294
Kucinich
D. 112th H.R. 6358. A bill to examine, label, and communicate
adverse human biological effects associated with exposure to electromagnetic
fields from cell phones and other wireless devices. Congress. 2d Session. Aug
3, 2012.
Lai H.
Exhibit D: An Update on Neurological Effects of Nonionizing Electromagnetic
Fields. Mar, 2014. 169 pp.
Lai H.
Exhibit E: An Update on the Genetic Effects of Nonionizing Electromagnetic
Fields. Mar, 2014. 94 pp.
Leszczynski, D. FCC, IEEE and ICNIRP should
tighten safety standards. Washington Times Communities. Apr 9, 2013.
Markova E,
Malmgren L, Belyaev I. Microwaves from Mobile Phones Inhibit 53BP1 Focus
Formation in Human Stem Cells Stronger than in Differentiated Cells: Possible
Mechanistic Link to Cancer Risk. Environ Health Perspect. 118(3):394-399. Mar
2010.
http://apps.fcc.gov/ecfs/document/view?id=7022311529
Moskowitz
JM. Comments on the 2012 GAO Report: “Exposure and Testing Requirements for
Mobile Phones Should Be Reassessed”. Aug 15, 2012 (rev. Aug 24, 2012).
Moskowitz
JM. Why the FCC Must Strengthen Radiofrequency Radiation Limits in the U.S.: A
compilation of original press releases from April 2012 – November 2013. Nov 5,
2013.
Sierck  PH. Smart Meter—What We Know: Measurement
Challenges and Complexities. A Technical Paper to Clarify RF Radiation
Emissions and Measurement Methodologies. Encinitas, CA: ET&T Indoor
Environmental Surveys. Dec 2011.
U.S. EPA. EPA Comments to the Federal Communications Commission on FCC 93-142 April 1993. Notice of Proposed Rulemaking; Guidlines for Evaluating the Environmental Effects of Radiofrequency Radiation. http://bit.ly/2avzSMU


Wargo J,
Taylor HS, Alderman N, Wargo L. Cell Phones: Technology | Exposures | Health
Effects. Environment & Human Health, Inc. 2012.
http://apps.fcc.gov/ecfs/document/view?id=7022311531

https://www.saferemr.com/2014/08/why-we-need-stronger-cell-phone_43.html