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This is just a few examples of the science showing effects from Wi-Fi and wireless. 

Pall M., Wi-Fi is an important threat to human health, Environmental Research Volume 164, July 2018, Pages 405-416

Clegg, Frank M. et al. 2019. “Building Science and Radiofrequency Radiation:What Makes Smart and Healthy Buildings.” Building and Environment: 106324. 

Hedendahl, Lena K., et al. “Measurements of Radiofrequency Radiation with a body-borne exposimeter in Swedish schools with Wi-Fi.” Frontiers in Public Health 5 (2017): 279.

Fahmy, H., & Mohammed, F. (2020). Hepatic injury induced by radio frequency waves emitted from conventional Wi-Fi devices in Wistar rats. Human & Experimental Toxicology. 

Ibitayo, A., Afolabi, O., Akinyemi, A., Ojiezeh, T., Adekoya, K. and Ojewunmi, O., 2017. RAPD Profiling, DNA Fragmentation, and Histomorphometric Examination in Brains of Wistar Rats Exposed to Indoor 2.5 Ghz Wi-Fi Devices Radiation. BioMed Research International, 2017, pp.1-6.

Afolabi Olakunle Bamikole, Obajuluwa Adejoke Olukayode, Tiwa Obajuluwa, Okiki Pius, Oloyede Omotade Ibidun, Fadaka Oluwaseun Adewale, Ojo Oluwafemi Adeleke. Exposure to a 2.5 GHz Non-ionizing Electromagnetic Field Alters Hematological Profiles, Biochemical Parameters, and Induces Oxidative Stress in Male Albino Rats [J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2019, 32(11): 860-863.  

Atasoy H.I. et al.“Immunohistopathologic demonstration of deleterious effects on growing rat testes of radiofrequency waves emitted from conventional Wi-Fi devices.”Journal of Pediatric Urology, vol. 9, no. 2, 2012, pp. 223-9.

Avendaño, C., et al. “Use of laptop computers connected to internet through Wi-Fi decreases human sperm motility and increases sperm DNA fragmentation.” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 97, no. 1, 2012, pp. 39-45.

Li ZQ et al., Testing of behavioral and cognitive development in rats after prenatal exposure to 1800 and 2400 MHz radiofrequency fields. J Radiat Res. 2020 Mar 23;61(2):197-206.

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Yüksel, M. et al. “Long-term exposure to electromagnetic radiation from mobile phones and Wi-Fi devices decreases plasma prolactin, progesterone, and estrogen levels but increases uterine oxidative stress in pregnant rats and their offspring.”Endocrine, vol. 52, no. 2, 2015, pp. 352-62.

Siervo, B. Numerical evaluation of human exposure to WiMax patch antenna in tablet or laptop, Bioelectromagnetics. 2018

Gupta SK, Patel SK, Tomar MS, Singh SK, Mesharam MK, Krishnamurthy S. Long-term exposure of 2450 MHz electromagnetic radiation induces stress and anxiety like behavior in rats. Neurochemistry International. Publ. online Apr 4, 2019.

Shahin, Saba, et al. “2.45 GHz Microwave radiation impairs hippocampal learning and spatial memory: Involvement of local stress mechanism induced suppression of iGluR/ERK/CREB signaling.” Toxicological Sciences (2017).


Hassanshahi, A., et al. “The effect of Wi-Fi electromagnetic waves in unimodal and multimodal object recognition tasks in male rats.”Neurological Sciences, 2017, pp. 1-8.


Akdag, M.Z., et al. “Does prolonged radiofrequency radiation emitted from Wi-Fi devices induce DNA damage in various tissues of rats?”Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy, vol. 75, pt. B, 2016, pp. 116-22.


Kuybulu, A.E., et al.“Effects of long-term pre- and post-natal exposure to 2.45GHz wireless devices on developing male rat kidney.” Renal Failure, vol. 38, no. 4, 2016, pp. 571-80.

Celik, O., M.C. Kahya and M. Naziroglu. “Oxidative stress of brain and liver is increased by Wi-Fi (2.45GHz) exposure of rats during pregnancy and the development of newborns.”Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy, vol. 75, pt. B, 2015, pp. 134-9. 

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Dasdag, S., et al.“Effects of 2.4 GHz radiofrequency radiation emitted from Wi-Fi equipment on microRNA expression in brain tissue.”International Journal of Radiation Biology, vol 91, no. 7, 2015,  pp. 555-61.


Deshmukh, P.S., et al. “Cognitive impairment and neurogenotoxic effects in rats exposed to low-intensity microwave radiation.” International Journal of Toxicology, vol. 34, no. 3, 2015, pp. 284-90.


Megha, K., et al. “Low intensity microwave radiation induced oxidative stress, inflammatory response and DNA damage in rat brain.”Neurotoxicology, vol. 51, 2015, pp. 158-65.


Misa-Agustiño, M.J. et al. “Exposure to non-ionizing radiation provokes changes in rat thyroid morphology and expression of HSP-90.”Experimental Biology and Medicine, vol. 240, no. 9, 2015, pp.  1123-35.

Saili, L., et al. “Effects of acute exposure to WIFI signals (2.45GHz) on heart variability and blood pressure in Albinos rabbit.”Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, vol. 40, no. 2, 2015, pp. 600-5.


Sangun, O., et al. 2015. “The effects of long-term exposure to a 2450 MHz electromagnetic field on growth and pubertal development in female Wistar rats.”Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, vol. 34, no. 1, 2015, pp. 63-7.


Shahin, S., et al. “2.45GHz microwave radiation impairs learning and spatial memory via oxidative/nitrosative stress induced p53 dependent/independent hippocampal apoptosis: molecular basis and underlying mechanism.”Toxicology Science, vol. 148, no. 2, 2015, pp. 380-99.


Papageorgio, C.C., et al. “Effects of Wi-Fi signals on the p300 component of event-related potentials during an auditory hayling task.”Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, vol. 10, no. 2, 2011, pp. 189-202.


Kesari, K.K. and J. Behari. “Effects of microwave at 2.45 GHz radiations on reproductive system of male rats.” Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, vol. 92, no. 6, 2010, pp. 1135-47.

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Maganioti, A. E., et al. “Wi-Fi electromagnetic fields exert gender related alterations on EEG.”6th International Workshop on Biological Effects of Electromagnetic fields, 2010.


Gumral, N., et al.“Effects of selenium and L-carnitine on oxidative stress in blood of rat induced by 2.45-GHz radiation from wireless devices.”Biological Trace Elements Research, vol. 132, no. 1-3, 2009,  pp. 153-63.

Naziroğlu, M. and N. Gumral. “Modulator effects of L-carnitine and selenium on wireless devices (2.45 GHz)-induced oxidative stress and electroencephalography records in brain of rat.”International Journal of Radiation Biology, vol 85, no. 8, 2009, pp. 680-9.

Sinha, R.K. “Chronic non-thermal exposure of modulated 2450 MHz microwave radiation alters thyroid hormones and behavior of male rats.”International Journal of Radiation Biology, vol. 84, no. 6, 2008, pp. 505-13.

Paulra,j R. and J. Behari. “Single strand DNA breaks in rat brain cells exposed to microwave radiation.” Mutation Research, vol 596, no. 1-2, 2006, pp. 76-80. Source: Environmental Health Trust